Posts for category: Foot and Ankle Injury
Sprained ankles aren't always minor injuries. In fact, they carry the possibility of leading to permanent ankle instability or arthritis in some cases if untreated. Fortunately, your Williamsburg and Hampton, VA, podiatrist, Dr. Sara Bouraee offers the care you need to recover from ankle sprains, as well as a host of other podiatric injuries and conditions.
What causes an ankle sprain?
Ankle sprains occur when there is a tear or overstretching of the ligament that connects the bones in your ankle joint. Sprains are grouped into three categories:
- Grade One: These mild sprains occur if you experience slight stretching or tearing. Although the sprains can be a little painful, they usually heal in a week or two.
- Grade Two: Grade two sprains involve partial tearing of the ligament. In addition to causing more pain and swelling, these sprains can also make your ankle a little unstable while the sprain heals.
- Grade Three: These severe sprains are very painful and occur when the ligament tears completely. You may find it difficult to put any pressure on the ankle due to joint instability.
How can a foot doctor help?
Depending on the severity of your sprain, your podiatrist may recommend:
- Compression Bandages: The bandages help reduce swelling and stiffness.
- Tape, Braces or Walking Boots: Taping your ankle or wearing a brace or boot helps support and stabilize your ankle.
- Pain Relief Methods: Ice and over-the-counter medications, such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium, can be helpful in controlling pain.
- Crutches: Crutches relieve pressure on your ankle, allowing for the proper amount of healing to take place. These support devices often prove to be a necessity if your injury is very painful or your ankle has become unstable.
- Physical Therapy: Physical therapy sessions improve the strength and stability of both your ankle and the muscles that support it. The exercises you learn will help you improve your range of motion and increase flexibility.
- Surgery: Most people who have sprained ankles don't need surgery. However, it may be recommended if your ankle is still unstable after physical therapy or isn't healing well.
In pain? Give us a call
Prompt treatment is important for painful ankle sprains. Schedule an appointment with your podiatrist in Williamsburg and Hampton, VA, Dr. Sara Bouraee by calling (757) 220-3311 for the Williamsburg, VA, office or (757) 224-7605 for the Hampton office.
How your podiatrists in Williamsburg, Virginia can help with plantar fasciitis pain
You’ve probably heard about plantar fasciitis and you might even be wondering if you have it. The truth is plantar fasciitis is a common problem, and you don’t have to be a runner to suffer from it. If you are suffering from plantar fasciitis pain, Drs. Sara M. Bouraee and Mahmoud A. Salem of Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists can help you out! They have two convenient office locations in Williamsburg, and Hampton, Virginia to help you and your feet.
So What is Plantar Fasciitis Anyway?
Plantar fasciitis is a foot condition in which the band of connective tissue, known as the plantar fascia, becomes inflamed and painful. If you have plantar fasciitis, it’s common to feel a sharp, stabbing pain running across your heel and possibly spreading to the side of your foot. The pain can be worse in the morning when you first get up and stand, or after you exercise.
Common Symptoms and At-Home Treatments
It’s true that plantar fasciitis is common in runners, but you can also experience symptoms if you overpronate (roll your feet inward) when you walk. Plantar fasciitis is also caused by:
- Having flat feet
- Carrying extra weight
- Wearing unsupportive footwear
- Walking or standing on hard surfaces for long periods of time
There are a few simple tips you can try to get relief from plantar fasciitis symptoms. Consider:
- Putting ice on your heel for 15 minutes, several times during the day
- Taking over-the-counter pain medication like Tylenol or ibuprofen
- Stretching your arches and switching to more supportive shoes
Treatments for Serious Cases
Plantar fasciitis symptoms can be severe and may not always be resolved with at-home treatment—this is when your Williamsburg podiatrists can help. Common plantar fasciitis treatments available at Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists include:
- Stretching exercises and physical therapy to increase flexibility
- Custom-made footwear and orthotics to provide support
- Prescription medication to decrease inflammation and pain
- Physical therapy exercises and stretching
- Custom-made orthotics or footwear
- Prescription anti-inflammatory medications
- Extracorporeal Shock Wave Treatment to treat pain and inflammation
Interested? Call Today!
Your feet are important, and if you are suffering from plantar fasciitis, you may have difficulty getting through your day. The good news is that you can easily find relief from plantar fasciitis symptoms! Just pick up the phone and call (757) 220-3311 for Dr. Sara M. Bouraee and Dr. Mahmoud A. Salem of Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists in Williamsburg and Hampton, Virginia.
Did I Sprain My Ankle?
Ankle sprains occur when ligaments that connect the bones in the ankle and foot tear. If treated properly, your ankle will heal well, allowing safe return to activity. Dr. Sara Bouraee and Dr. Mahmoud Salem of Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists, with offices in Williamsburg and Hampton, VA, offer treatments for ankle sprains. Here are five signs you've sprained your ankle.
1. Pain- An ankle sprain can be painful and can make it hard to carry out your daily activities. You may also feel discomfort or pain when you place weight on the affected area. The pain can worsen when the area is pressed and during walking or standing. if your ankle is painful to walk on, be sure to see your podiatrist.
2. Redness- A sprained ankle can cause redness and warmth around the affected area. If your ankle is red, warm and swollen it is inflamed. Redness and warmth is caused by increased blood flow to the area.
3. Swelling- when an ankle is injured with a sprain, swelling occurs. Swelling in the body’s normal protective response to an injury. Swelling occurs because of increased fluid in the tissue. This is a normal reaction of the body and is the start of the healing process. However, oftentimes, the body produces more swelling than necessary.
4. Bruising- An ankle sprain causes bruising around the affected joint. A contusion, commonly known as a bruise, is made up of blood beneath the skin. A bruise results in a discoloration of the skin. Bruising is typically a result of injury to the blood vessels in the skin.
5. Stiffness- An ankle sprain causes stiffness and limited range of motion. Inflammation and pain often limit movement after the injury. Your doctor may advise against moving the ankle to allow your ankle to heal. Your doctor may also design an exercise program to reduce stiffness after an ankle sprain.
If you have an ankle sprain, we can help you today. Call Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists at 757-220-3311 to schedule an appointment in Williamsburg, VA, Call 757-224-7605 to schedule an appointment in Hampton, VA.
Stress fractures are notoriously misdiagnosed and undertreated. In many cases, symptoms may persist for an extended period of time before the diagnosis of a stress fracture is even made. That’s because stress fractures don’t typically occur from an unforeseen trauma, as with a sprain, but rather from repetitive stress.
What Are Stress Fractures?
Stress fractures are tiny, hairline breaks in the bones. They can occur in any bone, but most often afflict the weight-bearing bones of the lower leg and foot. Athletes are especially susceptible to stress fractures, as this common injury is often a problem of overuse. It frequently results from overtraining and high impact sports, such as running, basketball and tennis. People with an abnormal foot structure or insufficient bone may also be more vulnerable to suffer a stress fracture.
What Are the Symptoms of Stress Fractures?
Pain is the primary symptom of a stress fracture. In the early stages, the pain may begin toward the end of an activity and resolve with rest. Untreated, the pain will eventually persistent with minimal activity.
The most common symptoms of stress fractures include:
- Pain with or following normal activity
- Pain at the site of the fracture
- Tenderness and swelling at a point on the bone
- Pain intensified with weight bearing
Rest, ice, compression, and elevation are recommended as an initial treatment plan for stress fractures. You should also minimize all weight-bearing activities until you have fully recovered. Other treatments may include immobilization of the foot, footwear modifications, orthotic devices and in some severe cases, surgery. Rest is the key to a full recovery, and returning too quickly to normal activity may result in more serious damage.
Overuse injuries and stress fractures aren’t completely unavoidable, but you can take extra care to help prevent stress fractures from occurring. Remember to increase any activity or training program slowly and gradually. Wear supportive footwear with good cushioning to help manage the forces placed on your feet and legs during high impact activities. If pain or swelling returns, stop the activity and rest for a few days.
Stress fractures come on gradually and may not present obvious symptoms at first, so it’s important to recognize the early warning signs to prevent further damage. If you suspect a stress fracture, contact our office right away for an evaluation. Proper diagnosis is essential to prevent further damage and improve recovery time, as stress fractures tend to get worse and may even lead to a complete break if not treated right away. A podiatrist will examine your foot or ankle, take an x-ray to determine if there is a break or crack in the bone, and recommend an appropriate treatment plan for optimal recovery.