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Posts for category: Foot Conditions

By Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialist
May 13, 2020
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: ankle sprain  

Follow these tips for a fast, effective recovery after a sprained ankle.

You came down hard on your ankle and now it’s achy, sore and stiff. Could you be dealing with a simple strain or is your ankle actually sprained? From sports incidents to simple movements that jolt the ankle ligaments out of place, a sprained ankle can happen for a number of reasons. In fact, ankle sprains are a common problems our Williamsburg, VA, podiatrists Dr. Sara Bouraee, Dr. Jon Houseworth, and Dr. Jeremy Walters diagnose and treat.

How do I treat an ankle sprain?

Follow the RICE method for recovery,

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation

You can also take over-the-counter painkillers to reduce both pain and swelling. Compression or wrapping the ankle can also provide stability and support. Not sure how to wrap a sprained ankle? No problem! Here’s a video from the Mayo Clinic that will show you how.

Do I have to see a doctor about a sprained ankle?

If your symptoms are mild you probably won’t need to see a doctor; however, it’s a good idea to give our Williamsburg, VA, foot doctor a call if you are experiencing,

  • Severe pain that isn’t responding to at-home care and rest
  • Difficulty putting weight on the ankle or you experience intense pain when standing or walking
  • Symptoms that get worse or don’t improve within five days of rest and home care

What are the symptoms of a sprain?

The symptoms you experience will depend on the severity of your ankle sprain. A sprained ankle is measured in grades I-III, or mild to severe. Mild sprains will cause some minor pain and stiffness but the ankle will still feel strong and stable when walking or standing.

Moderate sprains won’t feel completely stable and you’ll have restricted mobility and range of motion in the ankle. This is usually accompanied by moderate pain, swelling and tenderness. Severe sprains occur when the one or more ligaments in the ankle are completely torn. This will cause severe pain and swelling, as well as instability within the ankle. You won’t be able to move the ankle without experiencing pain. Severe sprains should be examined by a medical professional as soon as possible.

How do I know that I have a sprain?

Sometimes it’s easy to mistake a sprain for something more serious like a fractured ankle bone; however, while a fracture will also cause pain and inflammation, the pain is usually severe, unresponsive to rest and home care, and causes you pain whenever you walk. If you notice severe swelling or a bony protrusion sticking out from your ankle these are telltale signs that this is a fracture, not a sprain.

If you are experiencing symptoms of a sprained or broken ankle here in Williamsburg or Hampton, VA, contact the team at Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists for treatment and care. Call us at (757) 220-3311 if you have any questions or concerns.

By Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists
May 15, 2019
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Neuroma  

Are you dealing with pain, burning, tingling or numbness between your toes or in the ball of the foot? If you said “yes” then you could be dealing with a neuroma, a pinched nerve or benign tumor of the nerve that is often found between the third and fourth toes.

The classic symptom of a neuroma is pain, particularly when walking—a factor that leads many people to liken the condition to feeling like a pebble is in their shoe. You may find that the pain eases up whenever you aren’t walking or when you rub the pained area with your hands. While neuromas can happen to anyone, they are most commonly found in women.

Neuroma Causes

While the causes of a neuroma are still not clear, there are factors that can increase the likelihood of developing one, such as:

  • Extremely high arches
  • Flat feet
  • Trauma that leads to nerve damage in the feet
  • Improper footwear (high heels over two-inches tall; pointed toes)
  • Repeated stress placed on the foot

Treating a Neuroma

A neuroma will not go away on its own, so it’s important to see a podiatrist if you are experiencing any of the condition's symptoms. The type of treatment or treatments recommended to you will depend on the severity of the neuroma.

Those with minor neuromas may be able to lessen symptoms by wearing shoes that provide ample room for the toes and offer thick soles that provide more support and cushioning for the toes and balls of the feet. Sometimes a podiatrist may recommend custom orthotics to place inside the shoes, as well.

Your podiatrist may also recommend padding or taping the ball of the foot to improve faulty biomechanics and reduce discomfort. While medication will not eliminate the problem, it can temporarily alleviate symptoms. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatories can often briefly reduce pain and swelling, but for those dealing with more severe pain, steroid injections may be necessary to ease symptoms.

Surgery for a Neuroma

Surgery only becomes necessary when conservative treatment options have failed to provide relief, or when the neuroma has progressed enough that conservative care won’t be enough. During surgery, the inflamed nerve is removed through a simple outpatient procedure. Afterward, there is a short recovery period of a couple of weeks before patients are able to move about pain-free once again!

Give us a Call!

If you are dealing with new or worsening foot pain it’s important that you turn to a podiatrist that can help give you the answers you need. Schedule an appointment today.

By Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists
March 06, 2019
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Plantar Warts  

How your podiatrists in Williamsburg, VA, can help your feet


Plantar warts can be unsightly and embarrassing. The good news is, your podiatrist can help you get rid of plantar warts and get back to warts having beautiful feet. Drs. Sara M. Bouraee and Mahmoud A. Salem at Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists can treat plantar warts and other foot, toe, and ankle issues. They have two convenient office locations in Williamsburg, and Hampton, VA.

Plantar warts are caused by exposure to a virus. They usually show up as a cluster of hard, rough bumps on your foot and can appear on your toes, heels, soles, or forefeet. According to the Mayo Clinic, plantar warts can:

  • Look like a callus
  • Have small, black dots (clotted blood vessels)
  • Result in open sores if they occur in the ridges and lines in your feet
  • Cause problems standing or walking because they can cause pain

Warts are more common among children and teenagers, but they can affect everyone. You are at greater risk of getting warts if your immune system is compromised, or you go barefoot in public pool areas, gyms, locker rooms, and showers.

You can try over-the-counter wart removing solutions, but these may not help. The best treatment to get rid of plantar warts comes from your podiatrist. At Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists, they offer several effective treatments for plantar warts. They may recommend:

  • Topical salicylic acid to peel away layers of the wart
  • Liquid nitrogen to freeze the wart
  • Laser treatment to eliminate the wart

Don’t suffer with plantar warts! You can get relief from your podiatrist, the expert on foot care, including wart removal. To find out more about how to get rid of warts and clear up your feet, call Drs. Sara M. Bouraee and Mahmoud A. Salem at Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists, with offices in Williamsburg, and Hampton, VA. Call today and clear up your feet!

By Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists
December 26, 2018
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Bunions  

Approximately 33 percent of people in Western countries develop bunions. This, however, isn't due to the problem being hereditary, although certain families have the tendency to form them. If you're one of those people suffering from bunions, Dr. Sara Bouraee of Foot BunionHampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists at Williamsburg and Hampton, VA, can offer treatment to alleviate discomfort. Read below to learn more!

Signs That You May Have a Bunion

If you start to notice the joint of your big toe becoming larger, then you may be forming a bunion. The protrusion of the bunions can be very painful and other issues such as flat feet, foot injuries, and neuromuscular problems may contribute to their formation. An additional problem with bunions is that they can cause the formation of other toe deformities, such as hammertoes, bursitis, arthritis, corns, and calluses.

Here are some other things bunions can have an effect on:

  • Walking can be an obstacle because it rubs against your shoes causing friction, pressure, redness, and pain.
  • The bunion can also cause the toe to overlap the third toe, which is something referred to as Hallux Valgus.
  • If the bunion moves towards the second toe and starts to rotate, this is called Hallus Abducto Valgus.
  • The enlargement moves the toe at an angle where it starts bending in towards the rest of the toes.

How to Deal with Bunions

  • Make sure to wear shoes that have extra padding. The felt material in the padding creates a protective cushion that reduces friction. This will help reduce the amount of friction and inflammation to your skin.
  • Custom orthotic devices can keep your toe in the proper position.
  • To improve and maintain healthy joint mobility and reduce stiffness, your podiatrist may prescribe exercises.
  • Removing corns and calluses, if they've formed any, can help alleviate some of the issues experienced due to bunions.

Seeking Relief? Give Us a Call!

Bunions are painful to deal with. If you have any questions or would like to schedule an appointment, just call one of our offices in either Williamsburg or Hampton, VA. For Williamsburg, call (757) 220-3311, and for Hampton, call (757) 224-7605.

By Hampton Roads Foot and Ankle Specialists
August 16, 2018
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Poor Circulation  

Are you experiencing numbness, tingling, or discolorations in your feet?

Even though poor circulation isn’t a condition, if you are experiencing poor circulation in your feet this is often a symptom of a much larger issue. This is why it’s important to understand the warning signs of poor circulation and when to see a podiatrist, as many of these conditions can be serious or cause further complications to your health.

Causes of Poor Circulation

There are many reasons why someone may have poor circulation. The most common conditions include:

1. Peripheral artery disease (PAD)

This causes poor circulation in the legs due to a narrowing in the arteries and blood vessels. Over time this condition can cause damage to nerves or tissue. While this condition can occur in younger people, particularly smokers, it’s more common for people over 50 years old to develop PAD.

2. Blood Clots

A blood clot causes a block or restriction in blood flow and can develop anywhere in the body. The most common places for a blood clot include the arms or the legs, which can lead to symptoms of poor circulation. In some cases, a blood clot can cause serious complications such as a stroke.

3. Diabetes

While this condition does affect blood sugar levels, it is also known to affect circulation within the body. Those with circulation issues may experience cramping in the legs that may get worse when you are active. Those with diabetic neuropathy may experience nerve damage in the legs and feet, as well as numbness or tingling.

4. Raynaud’s Disease

A less common condition, Raynaud’s disease causes chronic cold fingers and feet due to the narrowing of the arteries in the hands and toes. Since these arteries are narrow it’s more difficult for blood to flow to these areas, leading to poor circulation. Of course, you may experience these symptoms in other parts of the body besides your toes or fingers, such as your nose, ears, or lips.

Warning Signs of Poor Circulation

You may be experiencing poor circulation in your feet if you are experiencing these symptoms:

  • Numbness
  • Pain that may radiate into the limbs
  • Tingling (a “pins and needles” sensation)
  • Muscle cramping

If you are experiencing symptoms of poor circulation that don’t go away it’s best to play it safe rather than sorry and turn to a podiatric specialist who can provide a proper diagnosis and determine the best approach for improving circulation. Don’t ignore this issue.

Contact Us

Call Today

(757) 220-3311
1155 Professional drive Williamsburg, VA 23185
(757) 224-7605
3000 Coliseum Dr, Suite 205 Hampton, VA 23666